If you can see a compound and classify it among the aforementioned, naming compounds becomes much easier. If a compound has a single cation, as an example, its name will be structured differently than if it were an acid with common elements. If a given compound is multinuclear, in other words, it is made of a single metal ion and many ions of a different element, then we use prefixes in front of the various components of the name to denote how many of these atoms, ions or groups are found. Naming organic compounds is very important because you or someone in another region of the world needs to be able to compose a structure from a name. Within this chapter, you will learn a systematic method for naming inorganic compounds. Naming chemical compounds is extremely important in recognizing chemical compounds.
Some compounds have been known for so long that a systematic nomenclature can not compete with well-established common names. These compounds are called molecules and also use a prefix denomination system to recognize the proportion of atoms that can exist in various proportions. Aromatic compounds with more than one group connected to the benzene ring Any group already connected to the ring has the position number 1.
When forming compounds, it is important to understand something about how the atoms will react with each other. Make sure that the number of atoms in each element is exactly the same on either side of the equation. In organic chemistry there is an atom called carbon. As a way to attach something different, you need to remove one of the hydrogen atoms present, and thus automatically gain a phenyl group. There are several types of polyatomic ions and most of them include oxygen.
Its full name is similar to the name of the substances and its nickname is similar to the substance formulas. It is recommended to write down common names and formulas as they are found so they can be memorized later. Aromatic compounds with only one group connected to the benzene ring Cases in which the name is based on benzene This is an easy illustration of a halogen connected to the benzene ring. By the end of this article, you will understand how to write chemical names using a system, not memorization. In short, the name has to be exclusive of the structure of the compound so that anyone can determine the structure to which its name refers. As a general rule, you should know the names and symbols of items 1-36.
The oxidation number of a monatomic ion is equivalent to the responsibility of the ion. An oxidation number, also called an oxidation state, is an easy idea to keep records. On the contrary, the amount of metals in the oxidation is given in these compounds if necessary. Knowing the amount of oxidation of a compound is extremely important when talking about ionic compounds. Another example of the strange world of the chemical name is the result of historical accidents. There are two methods to do this. Because there are many possibilities of exchange between two non-metallic elements, the formula can not be guessed unless we have a naming system that reveals the number of atoms involved.